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Monday, 30 April 2012

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Traditional dress of Gujarat|Gujarati Folk dress|Gujarati wear

Gujarati folk dress:

           The commonest type of dress worn by males in rural areas consists of cotton drawers called `chorno` and a short `kediyu` or `angarakhu` covering the upper part of the body. Most of the people especially agriculturists still continue to put on the typical head dress, thickly folded `phento` or turban.

           Women in villages put on `chaniyo` the coloured petticoat often embroidered with `abhala` or glass pieces, a similarly embroidered blouse or bodice called as `choli` or `polku` along with `odhani`, a coloured piece of coarse cloth covering the body and the head. Elderly males of higher classes put on `dhoti` (waistcloth) and `kafani` or `peharan` (shirt)

            Along with these colorful attires, women adorn themselves in sparkling ornaments such as a ring known as ‘Vinti’ (ring) worn on fingers, silver ‘Kandora’ worn round the waist and ‘Kanthi’ worn round the neck. The tribal women of Gujarat deck themselves from head to toe with silver jewelleries.

           The traditional attire of Gujarati men is dhoti, that is a long cotton cloth wrapped around the waist, and long or short coat with a turban. The popular dress worn by rural males is cotton drawers known as ‘Chorno’, a short rounded kurta known as “Kediyu” or “Angarakhu” that is used to cover the upper part of the body, along with thickly folded turban called ‘Phento”.

         Higher class men put on ‘Dhoti’ teamed with shirt known as “Peharan” or “Kafani”. Nowadays, instead of wearing traditional outfits, men also dress themselves in modern apparels such as shirt and trouser.
The unique dressing and the vibrant hues of the outfits add color as well as vitality to the surrounding.

Tuesday, 10 April 2012

Japanese Traditional clothings|Folk tradition of Japan

 Traditional clothings of Japan

Japanese fashion trends have evolved over the years. The bizarre to the really creative designs can be found out here. Clothing in Japan now is very much as per the seasons as is the case all over the world. Bright colors can be seen in the spring season and fall colors can be witnessed in the autumn season.

Japanese traditional clothing can be seen in many varieties. Some of these are worn even today. The Japanese kimono and the yukata remain to be the most popular kinds. Formal Japanese clothing can be very elaborate in their design or simple and elegant as well. Let us read about the finer nuances of traditional Japanese clothing.

Rajasthani folk costume|Rajasthani traditional dress

 Rajasthani Folk costume

The women dress in either sarees or ghaghra cholis. Sarees may be either cotton or silk and are generally embroidered. Colored stones, tinsels and silken threads are used to create beautiful floral patterns and traditional motifs and enhance the rich look of the saree.
 Depending on the economic ampleness of the family the embroidery or zari work may be done with golden and silver threads and semi precious gems may replace the showy colored stones. Tie and Dye, Bandhani and block printed textiles are the common choice.

Maharashtrian culture|Cultural dress of Maharashtra|Traditional dress of Maharashtra

 Maharashtrain folk dress

The traditional costume of women in Maharashtra is a nine-yard long sari, called Nauvari. This sari bears a resemblance to male trousers. This specific style of draping does not require a petticoat or a slip beneath it. The Nauvari saris have a historical background.

 During the Maratha rule, women were entrusted with the grave responsibility of helping their male partners, at emergency period of wars. To facilitate easy movement, the Maharashtrian women then introduced the Nauvari saree.

The fabric of Nauvari Saree is usually cotton, and for special occasions, silk tops the priority list. Paithani sarees happen to be the treasured creation of Maharashtra`s textile-industry. The Paithani saree, invested with an 18 inch to 25 inch pallu, owes its origin to adept textile-designing.

The Brahmin ladies of Maharashtra wear sarees in a particular pattern where the pleats are located at or near the back and these are tucked in waist and the decked part of the saree is left open on the shoulder part. They use choli with the sarees and often polkas and blouses.

South Indian Traditional costume|Folk dress of South India.

 South Indian Dress

The traditional dress forms are the `Mundu and Neriathu` (a white piece of cloth with golden zari border symbolising royalty) for men; and sari` (a 5-6 metres long piece of cloth embroidered with golden border) with jacket for women. With the changing trends in fashion and designing, the dress codes have changed.

A multitude of colours and designs are available today. Men and women today are clad in a variety of dresses. The people have now taken to the northern style of dressing up though the western dresses have also found a lot of acceptance among the masses.

The traditional Tamilian women prefer to drape her heavy Kanchipuram Sari (also spelt as Saree) around herself, the lower part of the calf uncovered, the extra bit of pallu created thereby wound around her waist. What is striking about her is that she wears the most gorgeous of Kanchipuram Sari in the most casual way; its like shes dressed to go to a wedding every day.

A sari is a rectangular piece of cloth, which are five to six yards in length. The style, colour and texture of this cloth varies and it might be made from cotton, silk or one of the several man-made materials. The sari has an ageless charm since it is not cut or tailored for a particular size. In Tamil Nadu, saris are available in a wide variety of fabrics - silks, cottons, chiffons, georgettes and crepes; the list could go on and on.

Monday, 9 April 2012

Traditional dress of Assam|Assamese traditional dress

 Tradition of Assam

Traditionally men folk of plains wear mill- made dhuties and small or big sized sola/fatua (shirt) and vest or eri-chaddar. In villages, rich men use headgear. They use japi (hat) while working in paddy fields. The young boys use dhuti, genji only on some occasions but they prefer using western dresses.

The Assamese wear bare foot. The Assamese ladies enter the kitchen bare foot.
 The Assamese young boys use on occasion`s headgears with their gomacha, which they tie to their hip, especially when they are dancing in Bihu to cover the waist with the dhuti.

Some young men use Khaddar clothes. AssamAssamese women use riha-mekhela-Sadar.
The long flowing skirt up to the ankles is known as mekhela and the upper garment riha. The red coloured pattern at the end of the riha is graceful and symbolic.

 Designs are also found in the pari (border) of mekhela and riha. It is said that the dress of mehkela and the riha chaddar has been adopted from the Tibetan and Burmese women.

Traditional costume of West bengal|Folk dress of West bengal

Tradition of West Bengal

The graceful icon of elegance that symbolises the quintessential Bengali woman is the Saree, which they prefer to drape in typical Bengali fashion.

 In West Bengal, Sarees are primarily woven in cotton and silk. These Sarees have been named chiefly after their weaving techniques. The traditional weavers or Tantis of West Bengal are reputed worldwide because of the quality of fabric spun and their elaborate thread work. The exquisite beauty of a Saree is further enhanced when it is accessorised suitably with a blouse. At present, blouses are available in multitudes of fashionable patterns which when teamed with a Saree does wonders to the attire.
 The Salwar-Kameez-Dupatta is nowadays in the same way popular among the Bengali women as the sarees. Salwars are loosely fitted trousers worn with a Kameez or long tunic. During wedding ceremonies however, the Bengali women usually resort to the traditional Banarasi Sarees in shades of red coupled with a golden veil to cover their heads.

Saturday, 7 April 2012

Kashmir traditional dress| Traditional fashion of Kashmir

Fashion trend of Kashmir:

Kashmir is the beautifullest in India. Kashmiri women are among the most beautiful in India. They have "an English rosiness of complexion behind the Eastern tan". The colour of their hair ranges from golden red to brunette and that of eyes from green, blue, grey to black. Besides being boats-women and farmers, the women of Kashmir lend a hand to their men-folk at shawl making, embroidery and other handicrafts. 

The women wear the pheran, the voluminous Kashmiri gown, hemmed with a border and hanging in awkward folds. The long, loose pheran covers their physique no doubt, but does not blunt their physical appeal. Whereas a Muslim woman's pheran is knee-length, loose and embroidered in front and on the edges, a Hindu woman's pheran  touches her feet. For the sake of smartness and ease it is tied at the waist with folded material called lhungi.

 The long loose sleeves are fashionably decorated with brocade. With this type of Hindu costume goes the head-dress called taranga, which is tied to a hanging bonnet  and tapers down to the heels from behind. The folds of the taranga are made of brightly-pressed lines fastened to a pointed red-coloured and brocaded skull cap with a few gold pins at the sides. Over the head and ears are pieces of muslin embroidered in gold thread . The younger Hindu women, however have taken to the sari, after the 'reform movement' of the thirties. Even then, on the wedding day they have to wear the taranga ceremonially. It is covered with the palav of the bride's wedding sari. Taranga, thus stays as part of the bridal trousseau.

Unlike a Hindu woman's pheran, which gives her a Roman look, the Muslim woman's pheran is beautifully embroidered in front. Their head gear, the Kasaba, looks very different from the taranga. It is red in colour, tied turban-like and held tight by an abundance of silver pins and trinkets. It has an overhanging pin-scarf which falls grace fully over the shoulders. A work-a-day shalwar goes with it. Unmarried Muslim girls wear skull caps, embroidered with gold thread and embellished with silver pendants, trinkets and amulets.
With the passage of years, an appreciable change has come about in the dress of the Kashmiri women. Saris, shalwar-kameez, churidars and jeans are becoming popular, yet none of these belong to them as much as the good old pheran.

Kashmiri women generally have such love of jewellery that their headgear, ears, necks and arms glisten with ornaments. The typical ornament that Hindu women wear is the dejharoo, a pair of gold pendants, hanging on a silk thread or gold chain which passes through holes in the ears pieced at the top end of the lobes. The dejharoo is the Kashmiri panditani's mangal-sutra. Muslim women wear bunches of ear rings, the weight of which is supported by a thick silver chain. And there are ample bracelets and necklaces. The whole ensemble lends a most artistic effect to the appearance of Kashmiri women.

Friday, 6 April 2012

Folk dresses of Tanzania|Traditional dress of East Africa

Traditional dress of East Africa:

Tanzania is one of the East African countries with an exciting culture. The design  or fashion of the tanzania clothing calls for an ancient ethos as well as culture of the Tanzanian region. The tanzania clothes are configured with a mixture of old and the new  and are so much influenced by the recent fashion trends with designs from Europe and North America. Even though there are many current designs, Tanzania has been able to maintain its traditional clothing that is known as Khanga.This piece of cloth is distinctive in the east African nation of Tanzania and its rectangular in shape and made of pure cotton.

Wednesday, 4 April 2012

Folk costume of North Africa|Traditional dress of North Africa

 North African traditional wear

Some of the Famous Folk dresses are listed below according to its Native places.,


All men wore a wrap-round skirt that was tied at the waist with a belt. Sometimes the material was wrapped around the legs as well. The length of the skirt varied depending on the fashion of the time - in the time of the Old Kingdom they were short while in the Middle Kingdom they were calf length. During the New Kingdom period it was fashionable to wear a pleated garment. 

Egyptian women wore full length straight dresses with one or two shoulder straps. During the New Kingdom period it became fashionable for dresses to be pleated or draped. The dresses worn by rich Egyptian women were made from fine transparent linen. Like the men, rich Egyptian women decorated their clothes and wore jewellery and headdresses.

Ancient Egyptian children did not wear clothes until they were about six years old when they would wear the same clothes as men and women.


The most traditional clothing in Morocco is a djellaba. Djellabas are loose fitting garments that you put over whatever you are wearing, and serve well to hide your figure. There are djellabas for both men and women, however, women more commonly wear them. Morocco ’s traditional clothing also includes kaftans, which are usually worn for weddings and celebrations. The difference between a djellaba and a kaftan is that kaftans do not have a hood, and they are often fancier. However, dress codes are really varied in Morocco . While some are expected to fully cover up with a djellaba and head covering, others walk around in t-shirts and tight jeans. Factors include marital status, age, family and location. Dress for men is a little easier; however, they are rarely seen wearing shorts.





Folk dresses of West Africa|Traditional dresses of West Africa

Folk Dress of West Africa:

Some of the Famous Folk dresses are listed below according to its Native places.,


 In urban areas Liberians are more likely to dress in typical Western style dress (jeans and t-shirts), while in more rural areas Liberians wear more traditional West African attire. Traditionally men wear short or long pants with a loose round-neck shirt. Women traditionally will wear a long wrap skirt called “lappa” and loose top called “bubba”. They may also wear a head wrap. West African clothes are famous for their brightly colored and patterned fabrics.


The rich culture of the country and the temperament of the people are reflected through Mali clothing. There is a distinct feature of these clothes. All the people of Mali, belonging to the different tribal community and ethnic groups wear colorful and vibrant clothes. The lively people of the country like to dress up in different types of colorful costumes and jewelries. According to them dressing properly is an art, which also reflects the attitude of every individual.  
Mali clothing has some unique features. For example, in spite of being a Muslim country, the women of Mali do not wear veil. On the contrary, shorts are not considered as decent clothing and are avoided by adults. Silk is a very common material for making clothes. Mali women wear different types of turban to match their dresses. Skirts, tops, long dresses and all are the common women wears. Whereas men prefer wearing loose pants and shirts.


The ethnic diversity of Nigeria is reflected well in its clothing culture. Learn about the various types of Nigerian clothing for men and women.   
Nigerian dresses for women include buba, kaba, iro, gele and iborun or ipele. Here is what they are used for:
 Buba is a loose blouse that reaches down a little below the waist. Kaba is basically a single-piece dress, which can have different styles.
Iro is the bottom part of clothing, which is a rectangular piece of cloth that is wrapped around the waist
Gele is a headgear. It is a rectangular piece of cloth that be tied in different ways to give different looks.
Iborun or ipele is a scarf that is either tied around the neck or just can be put diagonally across the body.
Nigerian dresses for men include buba, fila, sokoto, abeti-aja and agbada. Their details are as follows:
Buba is a loose shirt that goes down till halfway down the thighs.
Fila is a traditional cap.
Sokoto is the pant or trouser, which covers the lower part of the body.
Abeti-aja is another type of cap, which has longer sides.
Agbada is a festive clothing comprising buba and sokoto.

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